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MGT613 - Production / Operations Management - Lecture Handout 37

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Related Content: MGT613 - VU Lectures, Handouts, PPT Slides, Assignments, Quizzes, Papers & Books of Production & Operations Management


We have progressed our discussion on Lean Production Systems and Just In Time Systems and we will now focus our attention upon Lean Systems in Services, Operational Benefits associated with JIT. We will also note some of the common Implementation Issues along which the Organizational face while implementing JIT. We also need to know what single Kanban System is and solve some examples.

Characteristics of Lean Systems: Just-in-Time

Continuous Improvement with the help of Lean Systems is possible if Operations Managers are able to focus on some of the common characteristics of Lean Systems, which include:

  1. Pull method of materials flow
  2. Consistently high quality
  3. Small lot sizes
  4. Uniform workstation loads
  5. Standardized components and work methods
  6. Close supplier ties
  7. Flexible workforce
  8. Line flows
  9. Maintenance
  10. Automated production
  11. Preventive maintenance

The figure below of a ship sailing through waters is a great representation of an organization carrying its business with hidden rocks (barriers) like scrap, unreliable suppliers and capacity imbalance, carrying the threat of sinking the ship. With proper and effective lean production system philosophy in place, this can be avoided and organization can continue to sail through smooth and calm waters.

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CS507 - Information Systems - Lecture Handout 06

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Systems vs. Procedures

Procedure is a defined set of instructions aimed at describing how to proceed in achieving a pre-defined milestone/target. Systems have collection of predefined procedures related to each other in a sequenced logical manner in order to collectively achieve the desired results. The system & procedures in all kinds of environment are subject to internal controls and checks that are necessary to ensure the effectiveness of the same.

Purpose of Systems & Procedures

The basic purpose behind setting up systems and procedures is to make available information when required. But when procedures are organized in a logical manner to form systems, the value of information as an output of a system enhances. When technology is added to the system, scope of a system changes to include hardware, software and designs linked together in accordance with the procedures contained in that system to give a purposeful architecture.

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